fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Ibrahim Momo" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 24 Nov 2014 23:58:27 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Dear Friend,
Â Dear Friend,
How are you today with your family, Hope all is well? Please, It's my great pleasure to contact you today.
I am Mr.Ibrahim Momo from Burkina-Faso. Please, I want to transfer the sum of (US$11.3Million) into your bank account. This business is 100% risk free. By indicating your interest I will send to you the full details on how the business will be executed. Please respond urgently Or delete if you are not interested
Thank you for your anticipated co-operation.
Mr. Ibrahim Momo.