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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Njeri Kamau <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:19:29 +0000

Dear Sir/Madam I wish to notify you that due to statutory limitation, we
are unable to make a direct wire transfer to your bank account from our
terminal here.
We have therefore instructed our corresponding bank which is Bank of
America (BOA) in atlanta United States of America to debit our account and
credit you to the tune of US$5,500,000 only your over due sum with us. You
are therefore advised to quickly contact the bank and furnish them with
your bank account details where you want the fund credited.
Bank of America
Contact Person:Michael A. Phillips
Help Desk::951-267-0933
Kindly furnish your details as stated below
Full name......................................................
Home address::
Phone numbers::
Once more I wish to commend your mutual cooperation on this transaction
and do be in touch with me as you establish contact with Bank of America
as instructed for the claim of your outstanding payment approved by Asia
UN Ambassador and President Barrack Obama special Adviser.
We await your prompt response
Dr Njeri Kamau

Anti-fraud resources: