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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Reward Notification" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:31:46 -0000
Subject: Notification


We are delighted to announce that your e-mail address has just won you the sum of $2.5 Million in our E-mail free Online draws held in England November 2014.

Your e-mail emerge in category A and you are entitled to reward sum of $2.5 with this Free Ticket Numbers:EGN658214.

You are advised to immediately send your contact details to Dr.John J. Dignam.on his email address ( Tel: +447448769707 for immediate transfer of your reward cash prize to you.

N.B. Any breach of confidentiality on the part of the Winners will result to disqualification, You are to immediately contact Dr.John J Dignam only with this email (

Kind Regards
Dr.John K. Dignam.
Tel: +447448769707

Anti-fraud resources: