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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Edward Gilly <>
Reply-To: Edward Gilly <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 02:20:49 +0000 (UTC)

Dear Friend
I hope this letter meets you in good health. I know it will take you by surprise to receive this information. My name is Mr Edward Gilly. I am in control of US$15,000,000.00 ( Fifteen Million United State Of America Dollars only) deposited in my bank by my late Client. This fund is being held under a Non-investment account without my late Client family's name, My Client instructed that this funds should be kept TOP SECRET until he decides what to do with it. As my late Client Account Officer and manager of this branch of STANDARD CHARTERED BANK Ghana LTD, I plan to activate the account with your name as the original depositor and then process outward remittance of the funds to you. You will get 30% of the total funds for your assistance. All i want from you its to stand as the original depositor of this Fund and receive it on our behalf. Please get back to me with your respond and we shall move quickly to consummate this opportunity. 

RegardsMr Edward Gilly.

Anti-fraud resources: