fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: lee kim <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:02:37 +0700
Subject: work with me
Greeting my dear
My name is Lee Kim
my urgent need for a foreign partner has made me contact you for your assistance. I am a banker by profession in Kingdom of Cambodia and currently holding the post of Director Auditing and Accounting unit of my bank. I have the opportunity of transferring the left over funds ($18.2 million) of one of our bank clients who died in a car crash since five years ago and none of his family member or relation has come for the claim,
and now the bank is planning how to confiscate the funds since no one has come for the claim. Please I need your total honesty to execute this transaction under your kind control for the benefit of us both. Hence, I will offer you 30% of the amount mentioned above and if you are sure you are capable of handling this transaction and ready to assist me in executing this business, further details of the transfer will be forwarded to you as soon as I receive your return mail, email@example.com
have a great day. For more clarification reply me back and please note that the funds claims is 100% risk free. If you are ready to do this with me, kindly contact me for more details.
Your full Name.....
your occupation ........
your phone number.....