fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a orphan scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Miss Cynthia Adams <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Miss Cynthia Adams <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 08:47:20 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: I Am Waiting For Your Response Soon.
With hope that this mail reaches you in good condition of health, my name is Miss Cynthia Adams; I am an adopted daughter of late Dr. Jacob Adams a well known business man in Ivory Coast, who died on the 15th of March 2014, at the age of 72.
At the moment we have finalized with the funeral ceremony of my late father, presently our family has turned their back on me because I was adopted against their Wish, this is just because they are jealous of me and they doesnât want me to be a part of their family anymore and I do not Wish to go back to the Motherless Babies Home (orphanage) where my late parents adopted me, so i need to do something to start a new life once again and that is why i am contacting you today.
Because of the confidence my late father had in me before his death, he told me that he has a sum of Two Million Five Hundred Thousand US Dollars ($2500000) deposited in a Bank, and he made me to understand that he used me as his next of kin not minding my age, so because of my age; I will need your assistance to move the fund out from the bank here for investment thereof over there in your country, as I am still a little girl of no financial experience, so i really need your assistance to start the investment project.
If you assist me to get this fund out from the bank, I will offer you 15% of the total sum as compensation for effort input after the successful transfer of the fund into your own bank account before starting the investment project in your country.
I will be waiting for your response.
Miss Cynthia Adams