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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alexander Mooney <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:06:45 +0000 (UTC)

Dear Friend, 
Sorry for the inconveniences of sending you this proposal to your email. However, it is necessitated because of the urgency it demands. I am a Lawyer by profession, I major in International Banking Laws/Investment. I have a deceased private client, a native of China who left a deposit of US$4,200,000.00 (Four Million, Two Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only) in an International Bank. He left no WILL neither did he leave any Next of Kin to inherit this fund. On March this year, my client Mr. Cuiyun Jiang, his wife Mrs. Xueren Jiang and their only daughter, Yingms Jiang were involved in the Malaysian Flight MH 370 (Registration No: 9M-MRO) which got missing on the 8th of March 2014 in an unknown site. The bank has contacted me as his lawyer to locate any of his close associate or family member in China and Malaysia to claim these funds but I have been unable to locate any of his close relatives till this moment, failure by me to produce a relative of my client within the given time will lead to the confiscation of the funds by the bank. I shall be willing to submit your references to the bank for this claim as the Next of Kin to my late client only on the understanding that the funds be split 60-40 between us, with higher share being mine. If you are interested in this proposal, please get back to me at once with your full detailed information: 1) Full Names 2) Date of Birth 3) Occupation 4) Marital Status 5) Contact Address/Phone numbers. Anticipating your swift response, send me an email to my private email address:
You can go through the plane crash manifest for more details, here's the webpage.
Your prompt attention to this matter would be greatly esteemed.
Sincerely, Barrister Alexander J. Mooney

Anti-fraud resources: