fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (This email address looks like addresses used in fake loan scams. Be suspicious of any lender who uses a free webmail address or who is based in different country from yourself.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Alliance Loan Company <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: Alliance Loan Company <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 18:42:51 +0545 (NPT)
Subject: 3% Loan Offer Apply Today..
We can help you with a genuine loan to meet your needs.
Do you need a personal or business loan without stress and quick approval?
Do you need an urgent loan today? No Credit Checks
* LOAN APPROVAL IN 60MINS !!
* GUARANTEED SAME DAY TRANSFER !!
* 100% APPROVAL RATE !!
*LOW INTEREST RATE !!
Contact US for more information about loan offer and we will solve your
financial problem email:firstname.lastname@example.org
ï¿½Narayani National Finance Limited. All rights reserved. This message is for information purpose only and its content should not be constructed as an offer, or solicitation of an offer, to buy or sell any banking or financial instruments or services and no representation or warranty is given in respect of its accuracy, completeness or fairness. You should take your own independent tax, legal and other professional advice in the respect of the content of this message. This message may not be copied, redistributed or published (in whole or in part) without our prior written consent. This mail may have been intercepted, partially destroyed, arrive late, incomplete or contain viruses and no liability is accepted as a result. If you are not the intended recipient of this message, please immediately notify the sender and delete this message from your computer.