fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "abidjan" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms.Gloria Pattugalan" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Ms.Gloria Pattugalan" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 22:32:44 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Hello Dear From:Ms.Gloria Pattugalan,
Hello Dear From:Ms.Gloria Pattugalan,
My name is Ms.Gloria Pattugalan, daughter of Late Judge Nathaniel Pattugalan.I am 19 and I am from Gongo,but live in Abidjan Ivory Coast . My father survived an attempt murder in life on the 27th of October 2010. And was killed 19th of January 2011 crisis.Since the first attempt till date his murderers have not been identified.
I am afraid of my life because i believe his death has to do with the government or politicians because my father was against corruption.After the first attempt on my father's life, he deposited US$3 Million in one of the bank here.
I would want you to assist me retrieve this money,so that i will come to live a new life in your country and both of us invest the money in your country.