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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Office File," <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:45:59 -0800
Subject: UPDATE ME

I am SSG Simon Dan , an active American soldier serving in
Afghanistan. We managed to secure funds from the war zone. The total
amount is US$25 Million dollars in cash including gold. We want to move
this money with gold out of this place as it is a war zone, so that you
may keep our share for us till we come over to meet you. We will take
70% while 30% is for your help to move it out of Afghanistan,

If you are interested I will send you the full details once you send
your confidential telephone/fax numbers for quick communication also
your contact address. Please reply me at E-mail:

Expecting your response.

Yours sincerely,
SSG Simon Dan

Anti-fraud resources: