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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hon. Dr. John Keduora " <>
Reply-To: "Hon. Dr. John Keduora " <>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:40:51 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Hello my dear,

 Attention My Dear,

It is my pleasure to reach you after our unsuccessful attempt on our business transaction. Well, I just want to use this medium to thank you very much for your earlier assistance to help me in receiving the funds.I am obliged to inform you that I have succeeded in receiving the funds with the help of a new partner Mr. Alfredo Gomez Castillo.

Everything was perfectly done because we strike a deal with one of the Lady Accountant who works with the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF), and she rendered a tremendous help to us. My new partner initiated this idea and everything worked out successfully.

In appreciation of your earlier assistance to me in receiving the funds, I have decided to compensate you with the sum of $3,500,000.00(Three Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) in a Cashier's draft.This is from my own share. I did this simply to show appreciation to you for your kind support and assistance even though we couldn't succeed due to some unforseen circumstances. Presently, I am in South Korea for investment with my own share under the advice of my partner.

In the light of the above, you are therefore to contact my personal account keeper in Cotonou Benin Republic. His name is Mr.Paul Edeh and do send him your banking information's to enable him transfer the draft to you

his e-mail address: (
His name is Mr.Paul Edeh
Telephone:+229 98833 903
Address: Akpakpa Cotoniou Benin Rep. also send to him the below information for him to send your cheque to you without delay :

1.Your full Name,.....
2.Telephone number,.....
3.Your correct mailing address where you want him to send the bank draft to you.

So feel free to get in touch with him to send the draft to you without any delay.

With my best regards,
Hon. John Keduora

Anti-fraud resources: