fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address looks like addresses used in "ATM SWIFT card" scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Philip Oduoza" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Mr. Philip Oduoza" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 3 Dec 2014 15:23:28 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Attention My Dear:
Â Attention My Dear:
I Mr. Philip Oduoza (DIRECTOR UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA) I Just received a call from Mr. Martin Joe, the Director Of DHL courier Company Benin saying that the ($4.2Million) cash payment winning fund which I sent to you through ATM CARD have returned back due to wrong address provided, They need you toÂ reconfirm your information below:
Your Fully Name--------
Your Home Address------------
Your Mobile Phone Number------------
A Copy Of Your ID------------
Contact them at the following information: Director Mr. Martin Joe, Tel: +229 99315203 Email: (firstname.lastname@example.org) your registration codes (GL-1416), use it as your subject when contacting them, thanks and have a nice day.
Mr. Philip Oduoza
DIRECTOR, UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA