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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Peter Jim" <>
Reply-To: "Mr.Peter Jim" <>
Date: Thu, 4 Dec 2014 09:03:11 +0000 (UTC)

 Dear Good Friend Greetings!, We have concluded yesterday with the governor of Eco bank here in Benin republic that you should start receiving your payment of $1.2 Million USD through western union money transfer from tomorrow,But you will be receiving $5000 usd only per a day, so you are advice to contact the western union operator Rev.John Mark, Right now contact him and re-confirm your information to him right away so that he will send you your money control number of your first payment of $5000 for you to pick it up in any western union around you.Here is there information:

Name Rev John Markemail ( phone +229 6882 2456
And also here is the informations you need to send to him,Your receiver's name................Your country code................Your telephone number..............
All this informations is to avoid sending your money to wrong person,Yours in service,Mr.Peter Jim

Anti-fraud resources: