fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Robert Harrison" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Mr. Robert Harrison" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 9 Dec 2014 15:52:56 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Attention: very urgent!!!
THE MANAGEMENT OF ECO-BANK (PLC) REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA. Wishes to inform you that we are in receipt of our ATM Master Card issued in your favor with amount of $10.5 MILLION USD only, from FedEx and they told us to cancel the ATM Card, that you refuse to pay for the delivery charge......
We are contacting you to know if true you are not serious to receive your Winning Funds ATM Master Card and also you are now advised to contact our Director General and tell him what is going on and why you asked FED-EX to destroy your ATM Master Card for no reason. So my Dear you can let him know what really happened or if you truly asked FED-EX to destroy your ATM Master Card.
So Contact our Director General Office if you still want to receive your ATM Card and plead with him that you did not ask FedEx to destroy your ATM Master Card because our Director General Dr. ROBERT is not happy about what FED-EX told us.
Contact Name: Mr. Robert Harrison,Phone Number: +234 70650 92524Email; (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Now try and Send him your informationâs
Your full nameYour full home and office addressAlso your home and office telephone number to enable fast communication.
So try and get in touch with our Director General now because we have been waiting to hear from you first just to know if you still want to receive your ATM Master Card or not before we will take any action to cancel unclaimed ATM Master Card. So feel free to get in touch with our BANK DIRECTOR GENERAL DR. Robert Harrison, because your ATM Card is with him right now and ask him to send your ATM Master Card to you without any more delay and try to re-confirm your address once again to him Just to avoid any mistake for the delivery.
Thank you.With my best regards,Mr. MARK.