fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "huge sum of money" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: AFDB BANK GROUP <email@example.com>
Reply-To: AFDB BANK GROUP <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 9 Dec 2014 16:24:40 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Notification On Your Overdue Fund Release.
Â From the Desk of Mr. Donald Kaberuka.
African Development Bank GroupÂ®. (www.afdb.org)
I am Mr. Donald kaberuka, the President, African Development Bank Group.This is to bring to your notice that my office has taking over all the money transaction originated from any part of Africa and Europe countries as contract payment, Fund Inheritance or Lottery Winning due to Unauthorized/incapability of financial Institutions/security companies in releasing such huge sum of money due to Fraud, terrorist and money Laundry activities going on world wide.
The World Bank Group has Mandated the African Development Bank (ADB)via my Office to release funds to beneficiaries through a means preferable by the beneficiary, Hence Your Name appears as one of The fund beneficiaries whom their fund was successfully cleared for payment. Your money will be released to you through a means preferable by you either by (1) through online banking transfer or (2) Payment through Delivery of ATM CARD (3) Through Bank to Bank wire transfer to avoid paying excess charges.
You are therefore advised to re-confirm your direct us for immediate release of your money, Most importantly be aware that (Five Million United States Dollars (US$ 5, 000, 000.00) Only was allocated to you as the approved amount due to you. Be also informed that all the documents regarding this approval and authorisation has been issued in your name. Therefore be aware that your funds has obtained all her clearance to be released to you.
You are finally advised to re-confirm:-
Your full name:
Your current residential address:
Your private e-mail address:
Your direct telephone number:
Your id card to make sure we are dealing with the right beneficiary.
Mr. Donald Kaberuka.
President, African Development Bank GroupÂ®.
COPYRIGHT Â© AFDB BANK 2014. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.