fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "with your full names" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Juan Oxford" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 9 Dec 2014 08:12:53 -0800
Subject: Re: Your payment advice notification.
Approved Payment of Award contracts/Inheritance compensation fund and over due payments of outstanding debts with payment reference # EG6051973F. The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) World Bank (WB) International Monetary Funds (IMF) has mandated the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for your payment. A Pre-advice payment MT103 with local siftAcks-314D02826300-789700142, at 11:26:21 GMT +1000 has been sent to Federal Reserve Bank of New York for your payment with the sum of US$10,500,000.00 (Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand US Dollars)only.
You are to reach Mr. Patrick McCab of Federal Reserved Bank of New York with your full names telephone number and bank details for immediate payment. you will be only required to send Federal Reserve Bank a Clean Bill Certificate (CBC) as been requested by US Homeland security and IRS proving that fund has nothing to do with money laundry, drug, terrorist or other related offences as it is stipulated by US monetary policy after 9/11.
Once again congratulations, Get back to me for Mr. Patrick McCab email and telephone number.
Mrs. Juan Oxford
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