fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Jun Liang" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 9 Dec 2014 15:27:25 -0600
Subject: Representative/Agent Needed
I am Mr. Jun Liang, the Deputy Managing Director of YABAO PHARMACEUTICAL GROUP CO.,LTD. My company
deals on the importation and exportation of Pharmaceuticals and Textiles products and raw materials from China to
America/Canada and the United Kingdom.
My company is currently recruiting Representatives/Agents that will assist us with some logistics as well as receiving
payments on our behalf and remitting back to us. Please contact us for more information if you are interested in being an
agent of my company through my direct email address; email@example.com
Subject to your acceptance of this offer, you shall be given more information about the job and your remuneration.
I expect your favorable response.
Mr. JUN LIANG
DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR
YABAO PHARMACEUTICAL GROUP CO.,LTD