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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DE Online" <>
Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:10:52 +0100
Subject: prize

This email confirms that you have been notified of by the NATIONAL ONLINE L=
OTTERY DE NETHERLANDS of your email lottery winning for 2014 NATIONAL LOTTO=
-Wheel E-game held on 3rd November,2014 with REF No: NL/BC3781468/WW19 &COU=
PON NO: NT/837341/WOT.All participants were selected through our Microsoft =
computer ballot system
Lottery Group: 02 Prize Group
Prize Amount: 1.500,000 (One Million Five Hundred Thousand Euro Only) =

To claim your winning prize, call or Email your Assigned claims Director
Name: Mr. James Keller
Tel: 0031-685-337-124

NB: You are to keep your ref. number and coupon number from the public,
until you have been processed and your money remitted to your personal acco=

Anti-fraud resources: