fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Amro-Klgates Inc." (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:17:53 +0100
Subject: Re; For your information.
This is to inform you that we are in possession of a special box marked as a diplomatic consignment and it is registered to you. We have been instituted by the appropriate authorities to deliver this package to you because from investigation it has been revealed that you ought to have received this package a long time before now but for some corrupt officials that have some interests that are clandestine in nature.
You are therefore required to confirm the following details immediately so as to begin the dispatch/delivery process.
1). Full Name
2). Detailed Mailing Address
3). Origin/ location of any packages being expected which may include valuables or even cash, because these items are usually delivered via such deliveries as our Amro-KlGates Logistics.
It is noteworthy to add that we do not know exactly where this box is coming from but it has shown that at some point it was in the Africa, London and at some point passed through Dublin, Ireland before is was seized from a cartel that was making away with it in Manchester, North of London on the boundary.
We wish to let you know that upon receipt of the requested information and verification we will contact and advise you as to when you would have this box delivered to you.
you are hereby advice to contact AMRO Exchange Shipping and logistics service with your Full Name and Your Ref: 67775782AESS send information to this mailto < firstname.lastname@example.org>
A. B Miller (Mrs)
Amro-Klgates Diplomatic & Logistics (Out Verifications Unit)