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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Ken Obute" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:22:55 +0100
Subject: Loan Offer Apply now

Hello Applicant,
Apply for a loan to settle your bills, debt and establish your personal
business, we give out loan with low rate of 3% per annual which a
borrower can pay back in due time.
For more details, contact the co-coordinator via email: and make sure
you fill the requested information below.
Full Name:
Loan Amount Needed:
Loan Duration:
Loan Purpose:
Contact Phone number:
Monthly Income

Best Regards,

Dr. Ken Obute.
Managing Director

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Anti-fraud resources: