fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "there are practically no risks involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Domnic Addo" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 01:03:04 -0000
Subject: From Mr Domnic Addo.(URGENT RESPONSE NEEDED).
Good day sir/madam,
My name is Mr. Domnic .k. Addo, I am a retired banker of Standard Chartered Bank of Ghana Ltd.
I do not want problems but I just hope you can assist me, I write you this letter in good faith, I have a transaction of two million seven hundred thousand dollars:($2,700,000.00). I realized this fund from bank excess profit after trading with the capital sum and I deposited the funds in escrow call account. Where nobody will have access to it. Even the bank does not have access to this account because it cannot be deducted, until after the transfer.
Finally I did not declare this fund to the bank before my retirement. I am contacting you, to stand as the beneficiary of this fund because only a foreigner can stand as the beneficiary. Can I trust you to hold this money for me until I come over to your country? After the transfer, I will give you 30% of the money as your commission.
If you accept my offer, but if you do not accept this offer kindly forget that I contacted you, all I need is for you to get a good current account where this fund can be transferred into and for you to stand as the beneficiary of the said amount, within three days the funds will be transferred to your designated bank account.
There are practically no risks involved, it will be a bank-to-bank transfer. I hope you understand my situation, I am critically ill that is why I contacted you to finalize this transaction to enable me have a very good medical treatment.
It will be my pleasure doing business with you,
Mr Domnic Addo.
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