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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr John Cliff <>
Date: Wed, 10 Dec 2014 08:25:03 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: I sent you a mail till now no responds from you? this my number +
226 790 65 774

 I am Mr. John Cliff, a regional managing director (coris bank int'l) Ouagadougou Burkina Faso, in my department we have US$9,500.0000 million united state dollars, to transfer into your account as a dormant fund.If you are interested to use this fund to help the orphans around the world contact me and send your personal information for more details:Names, Country, Occupation, Age, Mobile Telephone Number. At my private email address (

Anti-fraud resources: