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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Min Jun Lee <>
Reply-To: Min Jun Lee <>
Date: Thu, 11 Dec 2014 14:43:34 +0000 (UTC)

 Dear Friend,
I am the Senior Deputy Governor of Bank of Korea.
My name is Min Jun Lee, I have a sensitive and private offer
from the top executive to seek your partnership in re-profiling
some offshore investment funds worth 11.5M U.S.D (Eleven Million
five hundred thousand United States Dollars) I am constrained however
to withhold most of the details for now. This is a legitimate transaction.
If we agree on the terms you will be given 15% of the total funds.
If you are interested and willing to render your assistance please
respond back via email with your name and telephone number.
I look forward to your response.
Best regards,
Min Jun Lee

Anti-fraud resources: