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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ego consultants <>
Date: Thu, 11 Dec 2014 17:17:59 +0100

Dear Sir,

I am Ego Martins ,a broker with Ego Martins Consultants Pyt. I have a
female client who is interested to invest in your country on partnership
basis.Sequel to this she has asked me to look for and recommend a
reputable and reliable person/company who can conveniently and
sincerely be in partnership with her in the investment.

In her quest,I deem it most necessary to contact you,if you can
willingly accept this and forward us with business opportunities in
your country which will be very lucrative to both parties.
Please send your reply to

Best regards,
Ego Martins

Anti-fraud resources: