fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Jonathan Gray" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 11 Dec 2014 12:51:33 -0700
Subject: INVESTMENT PROJECT GET BACK TO ME ASAP
Pardon my invading your privacy.
I am Barr. Jonathan Gray(Managing Partner) Barrister, advocate, Solicitor and owner of Jonathan Gray & Associates Law Firm located in Scotland. Born January
2, 1960; admitted, 1984. Education: LL.B, Phd. 1979 University of Reading Practice Areas: Business Law Company; Commercial; Employment; Family Law; Intellectual Property; Real Estate; Wills, Trusts and Tax.I have a legitimate contract job offer for you, i want to know if you will like to help my client invest in your country and get rewarded financially without
leaving or affecting your present job?
I represent Mrs. Chung Hee- Ja, wife of Mr. Kim Woo Choong the founder and former chairman of the Daewoo Motors Group in South Korea here in after shall be referred to as my client and it is on her instruction that i am doing all that i am doing now. She is looking for a foreign individual or a corporate body that can profitably invest $150,000,000.00 (One Hundred and
Fifty Million US Dollars) on real estates outside Hong Kong.
Most importantly, you will be required to invest these funds on real estates preferably in your country of residence outside of Hong Kong.Mrs. Chung Hee-
Ja Kim Choong is willing to reward you with 10% for your partnership role.
Trust me; this is once in a life time opportunity i bet you can't afford to miss.If you prefer to be re-contacted for more express information, Write
back promptly i look forward to it. I expect your correspondence as my response with more information on this profiting offer will be swift.send to this email address:firstname.lastname@example.org
Barr. Jonathan Gray.