fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "firstname.lastname@example.org" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "firstname.lastname@example.org" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 12 Dec 2014 09:27:25 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: I'm Ukrainian war victim a lonely girl.
Â Hi Dear,
I'm Ukrainian war victim a lonely girl.
My parents andÂ only brother were killed on August 27, 2014 as Battle for Ukraine'sÂ southeast coast heats up.
There is no doubt that theÂ day during which my father, mother and only brother were killed would forever remain the traumatic and darkest part of the history of my life.
Please help me to move to your country for a refuge. I have with me the documented money/gold treasures my father left for me somwhere in deposit. I want you to help me get this money/gold out to move all to your possession.
Then when I come to your country, help me to invest this money/gold in a lucrative business.
Or you can buy my Gold to help.
Contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
I am waiting for your reply.
Ms. Daryna Adam