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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joseph Bayala <>
Reply-To: Joseph Bayala <>
Date: Wed, 17 Dec 2014 15:30:38 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Your ATM Visa Card worth of $3.6M

 Good Day,
We have registered your ATM Visa Card worth of Three Million Six hundred thousand United States Dollars($3,600,000.00) to the DHL Courier Service office to be deliver to your designated address. DHL Courier Service will deliver your ATM Visa Card to your designated address immediately you send your contact information to them.
Contact DHL office now and Send your contact information to them as written below to deliver your ATM Visa Card to you.
Full Name:
Home Address:
Zip/postal code:
Phone Number:
Below is the contact information of DHL office for you to send your contact home address to them.
Contact person: Mr.Paul Sanogo
Phone: 00226 76 168 413
Send the above mentioned information correctly to them to avoid deliver your ATM Visa Card to wrong address.
Best regards,
Joseph Bayala

Anti-fraud resources: