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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ibrahim Saad <>
Reply-To: Ibrahim Saad <>
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 10:02:13 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Greetings Dear Sir/Madam


I am Mr. Ibrahim Saad, a senior staff of First bank Nigeria Plc. I need your assistance in executing a business. It involves the transfer of the sum of US$12.5 Million dollars. This is proceed of a contract executed by Late Engineer W. Choi from your country who was a contractor here. He died in a motor accident with his family since 2010 and till this moment, no one has come to lay claims to his chattels.

I will give you more information on what we need to do. It is not risky and I will provide you with all information that the bank will need for verification. Your share will be 30%.This is a secret deal and it requires utmost confidentiality.

 If you are interested, kindly respond to me through email: for more details. Please note that you
must reply through the given email address for immediate attention

Kind Regards

Ibrahim Saad.

Anti-fraud resources: