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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: P Ken LAW FIRM <>
Reply-To: P Ken LAW FIRM <>
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:37:49 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Notification, Response

Barrister Peter Ken,

Notification of your inheritance WILL to you by our late deceased.
Get back to me immediately for necessary steps concerning your inheritance, Sequel to your non reply of my earlier emails to you on behalf of the Trustees and Executors to the WILL of your deceased as your the next of kin to him.
I wish to notify you that your Email address appeared in the codicil and last statement of the deceased and you are entitled to his USD7.2 Million Dollars. I will advise you about the steps on how to redeem your inheritance funds from the bank. Reply immediately because the bank is waiting for you to show up and claim the funds as they have mandate me to provide the next of kin to the fund.
My Private Office Email (

The deceased has worked with American Chevron Nigeria Oil and Gas Company here in Nigeria for 21 year's, he died by cancer of lungs on 5th Feb 2011 by 9:20 AM.As soon as i hear from you i will detail on how to redeem your inheritance from the bank.

Yours Faithfully,
Barrister Peter Ken,

Anti-fraud resources: