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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Office Files <>
Reply-To: Office Files <>
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:46:51 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Saludos

Soy la señora Mrs.Deborah Herman una viuda que sufre de cáncer y el médico me dijo que no iba a durar los próximos seis meses.
Soy admitido en un hospital privado aquí en Cotonou, República de Benin. Tengo USD $ 8.5M I heredado de mi difunto esposo, necesito una persona honesta que puede utilizar estos fondos con fines de trabajo y de la caridad de Dios, ya que no tenemos un niño.
Si usted está interesado amablemente me responda para los detalles a:
Permanezca bendiga.
Mrs.Deborah Herman
I am Mrs.Deborah Herman a widow suffering from cancer and My Doctor told me that I would not last for the next six months.
I am admitted in a private hospital here in Cotonou, Benin Republic. I have USD$8.5M I inherited from my late husband, I need an honest person that can use this funds for God's work and charity purposes since we don’t have a child.
If you are interested kindly reply me for details to:
Remain bless.
Mrs.Deborah Herman

Anti-fraud resources: