fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Rev.Dr.Chidi Mmadu" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "Rev.Dr.Chidi Mmadu" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 18:18:57 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: CONTACT ECO BANK PLC BENIN REPUBLIC FOR THE TRANSFER OF YOUR
FUNDSWORTH $4.5MILLION USD
Â My Dear Sir/Madam,
Before I commence I will like to explain myself to you, my name is Rev. Dr. Chidi Mmadu, the new director officer of Eco bank Benin Republic Plc West African, my dear, I want to use this opportunity toÂ inform you that I was now the director and it have not been a month now, so I went through the scheme of work of this honourable bank and find out that your name and your fund valued $4.5 million dollars was here for six months.
So it amaze me so much and then I went to the office of IMF office Benin and reported this to them to know what is their aim and they told me that bank former director Mike Okoye was the one that curseÂ all this he collect money for peoples and then refuse to wired their fund to them, so my dear the Lord I serve will not allow such to happen here in my seat, so I hereby to declare to you now to get us your full information so that your fund will be wired into your account immediately ok without wasting you time, I do not like betraying people and no one will do such to me.
This is what we needed from you now so that your fund will be wired through this bank immediately, (email@example.com)
Your account number;........Name of bank;..............Bank address;.............Bank user name;............Routing number;............Home address; .............Copy of id; ................Your phone number;.......Your occupation; ...........Your Age & Sex:...........Your Country: ..........Your State of:........Your Origin :.........
Once you forward this to this bank I assure you that you are toreceive your fund with 48hrs ok, if your are able to call me am freecall this line; +229 68579277
Best RegardRev.Dr.Chidi Mmadu.