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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Dudu Musa" <>
Reply-To: "Barr. Dudu Musa" <>
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 2014 02:19:13 +0000 (UTC)

Treasury Department, International

I am Barr Dudu Musa, the Chair person in charge of Treasury Department, International wire transfers of Benin Republic Federal
Ministry of Finance.
You are to reply through this my official email address :( because this is to inform you that your fund was brought to my desk because the director & management of the WESTERN UNION $ MONEY GRAM transfers have declared
to divert your fund to the government treasury account just because you can not pay the wire transfer fee.
In reasoning wisely to this complain I told them to wait until I hear from you today so that I will know the reason why you decide to reject such amount of money
USD$1.5Million which is your rightful & legal overdue inheritance payment just because of transfer fee.

The reason why I sent this email to you is because its your sweat and for this reason you still have this last chance to claim your fund if
you can send USD$100.00 today because I have already arranged you wires ready for its daily wires to you but failing to do this, I will
allow them to have power over your fund and am very sorry if you failed as this is the last chance.

Therefore, send the USD$100.00 immediately you receive this email today and email your full name and address to me if you want your
USD$1.5Million be send to you by western union OR Money gram transfer but the maximum amount officially allow for it per day wire to you is
USD$5,000.00 per day until you receive your complete USD$1.5Million
from here.

The second option is for you to send me the full detail of your bank account if you want your fund be fully transfer by direct bank to bank
wire transfer to your account at once. After you have sent the $100.00 and email me the mtcn numbers, you are to indicate your wish to
receive your funds as I have stated above and the funds will be
released to you without any hitch.

Here is the western union or money gram information in the name of my accountant to avoid delay in receiving your fund and remember that I
have done my best for you and i will make sure that your wire will begin to be released to you from the moment you sent this $100.00.
Send the $100.00 now and send me email with the western union mtcn or money gram reference numbers when you send the money OK.

Receivers Name.....FRANK ANEKWEH
Pay-Out Country... Benin
Pay-Out City: Cotonou.
Address: Cotonou,
Test Question: God
Answer: Bless.
Amount to send: ...$100.00

Send it and email the MTCN control number, amount sent, name and address of sender to me for easy collection and once again remember to Call:+229 983 551 76 or
reply through this my official email


Barr. Dudu Musa
Treasury Department, International
Wire Transfers, Federal Ministry of Finance Benin Republic.
And His Assistant Mrs. Edna Williams

Anti-fraud resources: