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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Your Fund Transfer <>
Reply-To: Your Fund Transfer <>
Date: Fri, 19 Dec 2014 06:02:43 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Contact Money Gram Office Urgent

 Attention: E-mail Address Owner,    The International Monetary Fund(IMF) is compensating all the scam victims and your email address was found in the scam victim's list. The Money Gram Office Benin Republic has been mandated by the IMF to transfer your compensation to you via Money Gram Money Transfer.    However, they have concluded to affect your own payment through Money Gram Money Transfer, $5000.00 twice daily until the total sum of $2.8million USD is completely transferred to you.    They can not be able to send the payment with your email address alone, thereby we need your information as to where we will be sending the funds, such as you Contact our Customer Care at  ( ) with your full information.    Receiver's name:....Address:....Country:.....Phone number:.....Contact person Pastor Terry CoolEmail  (      Note that your payment files will be returned to the IMF within 72 hours if we did not hear from you, this was the instruction given to us by the IMF.      They will start the transfer as soon as they received your information. Forurgent inquiry, call them at +229-96552523      Thanks,Dr. Felix Piro

Anti-fraud resources: