fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: Jack Castro <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: Jack Castro <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Dec 2014 22:43:13 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Urgent attention dear,
Â Urgent attention dear,
Your are here to be notified officially that your total overdue final payment of $850,000.00USD has been successfully deposited via western union head office for the immediate transfer to you accordingly as you real sick for my help from the beginning of the transaction to this very final end, therefore you are here by advice to contact the western union head office director general on his personal information listed.
WESTERN UNION HEAD OFFICE TRANSFER AGENT
Director name: Mr. Raymnd Kiki
Personal e-mail:Â firstname.lastname@example.org
Direct-phone: +229) 982-82-636
However:Â note to contact and forward to him your full receiverâs information of the payment such as listed,
Receiver Full Name: ___
Payout Country: ____
Payout City: ______
Home Address: _____
Country Origin: _____
Direct phone: ______
Government issued ID card.
Moreover the above information is what they likely need from you while more information will be giving to you by the director in charge if there is any, once you contact/forward him the listed information above.
Finally:Â keep me informed soon as you receiver the transfer.
Dr. Jack Castro