fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claim agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Congratulations!! <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Congratulations!! <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 27 Dec 2014 12:45:58 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: CONGRATULATIONS MERRY CHRISTMAS
CONGRATULATIONS MERRY CHRISTMASREPLY TO:Â email@example.comÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â This is to inform you that you have won a prize money of (Â $750,000.00 USD) for December 2014 Prize promotion which is organized in CANADA by YAHOO, GMAIL, AOL, WINDOWS LIVE and other internet subscribers.Â YAHOO and MICRO SOFT collects all the email addresses of the people that are active online, among the millions that subscribed to Yahoo and Hotmail and few from other e-mail providers. Six people are selected to benefit from this promotion and you are one of the Selected Winners.FOR PRIZE CLAIMINGMrs. Rose BothaTEL: +27810 972 853EMAIL:Â firstname.lastname@example.orgWinners shall be paid in accordance with his/her Settlement Center. Yahoo Prize Award must be claimed not later than 20 days, from the date of received. Any prize not claimed within this period will be forfeited.Â Your Winning numbersNO: 17 21 27 37 48 49 Bonus 11Ticket no: (7Y206)Ballot no: (BT/A)Guaranteed Winner Number: 55883403-02Â Confirm under Lotto 6/49. Send the below details about you.NAMES............................â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦.CONTACT ADDRESS...................â¦â¦NATIONALITY...............â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..SEX.... ......................â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..AGE.......................â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦..PHONE / MOBILE NO: ...................FAXâ¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦.....................OCCUPATION.................................COMPANY...............................â¦â¦COPY OF YOUR INTERNATIONAL PASSPORT OR I.D CARDYour email Attached to Ticket No. (7Y206) and Ballot No: (BT/A)Â Congratulations!!Â Once again.Yours in service, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â CONTACT YOUR CLAIM AGENTÂ NAME: Â Mrs. Rose BothaTEL: +27810 972 853E-Mail:Â email@example.com