fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447031997991 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: =?iso-8859-1?Q?=22GOOGLE=AE=22?= <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 28 Dec 2014 14:08:20 -0600
Subject: Payment Confirmed (Follow Attached Instructions).
Buckingham Palace Rd,
London SW1W 9TQ,
>From the desk of
The Chairman, Global Impact Awards.
You have been selected as on of our 200 Winners in the Global Impact Awards.
You are entitled to $890,000.
Every year, we donate $100,000,000 in Grants, 60,000 hours, $1 Billion in
products. This is part of our global impact campaign and beneficiaries are
drawn from a
large list of google users worldwide.
A cheque for the amount has been sent to our official delivery agency (DPD
EXPRESS COURIER) for immediate delivery of the cheque to you. Contact the
courier company with the
1. Reference Number:
2. Full Name:
4. Telephone Number:
DPD EXPRESS COURIER
Contact Person: ANN-CHARLOTTE
Contact the delivery officer with the details as stated above.
On behalf of Google and all members of the team, we wish you a Merry
Christmas and a Prosperous New Year.
Sir Scott Williams.
Chairman, Global Impact Awards
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