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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Tony" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 02:26:52 -0800
Subject: Please consider this

Eng. Anthony Nana Darkor
Ministry of Energy.
Plot 2018 Castle Road.
Osu, Accra Ghana.
Dear Sir,

I am very sorry to have contacted you via these mode of communication (internet) with these proposal of mine, when we do not know, nor met each other before now, by way of formal introduction, I am Engineer Anthony Nana Darkor, a Director with the Contracts Award and review Department, Ghana Ministry of energy (MOE). I am contacting you for an urgent and important business dealing, which will be beneficial to both of us in the short run and without any risks or regrets as regards this would be business dealing.

I do not know if I can confide in you, though we may be in two different part of the world, but that is what I actually needed in a partner, someone from a distant place or country. Please do revert back to me if you think we can work for the good of both of us and in good faith too, as that will enable me to let you into the project proper.
Please do send to me, your reliable or direct telephone number, and your names in your next email, to enable us talk in confidence about this proposal, and should you know that my proposal does not meet your consent standard, I will appeal that you delete the email and disregard the content.

You can reach me through my private email:


Eng. Anthony Nana Darkor.

Anti-fraud resources: