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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: dr donald kaberuka <>
Reply-To: dr donald kaberuka <>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 12:45:57 +0000 (UTC)

 Good Day,

This is to officially inform you that your long awaited Inheritance/Contract and Compensation payment with Africa Development Bank Plc has been approved today, after a board meeting with the board of directors we have agreed to release your payment of (1.5M)U S  One Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars via our ATM MASTER CARD mode of payment.Please you are advise to get back to us immediately, with your Full name,Address, Occupation and telephone number to this

Dr Donald Kaberuka,
Email: (

Anti-fraud resources: