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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Barclays Bank <>
Reply-To: Barclays Bank <>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 12:46:14 +0000 (UTC)

Barclays Bank PLC
2 Churchill Place
Canary Wharf London
E14 5RB United Kingdom.

Dear Valued customer,

Your payment file was forwarded to us for immediate transfer of a part-payment US$4,500,000.00 to your designated bank account.

Choose any of this option
1. Telegraphic wire Transfer
2. Online Banking

Immediately we receive your chosen option, we shall commence the fund transfer. Also, your Telephone number is needed for easier communication. Private E-mail:
Best Regard,
Wendy Anderson
Head International Banking Division:
Barclays Bank
Tel: +447024023798

Anti-fraud resources: