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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Margaux Sebastien" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 12:31:15 -0500
Subject: 1 / 20 / 2015

European National Central Bureau of Interpol
General Directorate of Fraud Compensation
Administrative Police
Rue Fritz Toussaint 8 - 1050 Brussels
Fax: +32 2 642 42 77
Dear Sir/Madam
We recently arrested a group of West African / Ghana, Benin and Nigerian/ United Arab Emirates Internet scam Artists in London and we have reasons to believe you have been one of their numerous victims. A thorough search of the computers arrested with the individuals and their confessions during interrogation has revealed to us that you paid certain sums of money to these fraudsters via Western Union and or bank transfer.
We have already initiated proceedings on your behalf with the West African / Governments and member states / United Arab Emirates law enforcement agency to ensure that as a genuine scam victim, you will not only recover your lost money but also you will be compensated for the financial and emotional stress you and your family went through because of the scam.
Our Internal Audit Bureau has estimated that you are eligible to claim a total of $2.5000.00 USD from the Fraud Compensation Committee set up by the European Union  / West African / Nigerian / United Arab Emirates Government to ensure that properly identified scam victims are paid and adequately compensated from the $3bn allocated compensation loan from the World Bank and also your total inheritance will also be paid to you once you reconfirm your details of information of your payment to any of the government ministries /individuals.
You are advice to reconfirm your details of information for payment to this office within 72 banking hours,in response to any delay in communication this office will visit you for proposer investigation on this payment, every of your details of information is with us and we advice you to reconfirm the followings.
1.Your Full Name:..............
2.Your Telephone :............
3.Your Age:...............
4.Your Sex:............
5.Your Occupations:.............
6.Your Country and City:................
7 Your Bank Details ..............................
8 The Pages of International Passport Copies
9.Company Name and Address
Margaux Sebastien .
Commissaris / Commissaire (Commissioner)
Email address :

Anti-fraud resources: