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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joe Peter <>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 17:30:26 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Happy New Year

How are you? I hope everything is alright with you and your family? My
name is Joe Peter solicitor at law, personal
attorney,i am contacting you
because have the same last name with my late client.
He is a contractor and had worked for Construction Company in
Republic of Togo.I don't know your connection with him? maybe you can
assist me to transfer his fund  funds amount $14 million dollars  into your account, i wish you will have
the desire to communicate with me so I can be able to inform you with
more details and we will agree get back to me with this bellow information's, I am waiting to hear from you.
Your Full Names,........... Residential Address, ......... Private
Email Address......... Telephone/fax Number,.... Age,.......
Occupation .... Marital status
Yours faithfully
Lawyer Joe Peter

Anti-fraud resources: