fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Rediffmail, India; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: MAIL INFO <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: MAIL INFO <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 19 Jan 2015 18:06:22 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: YOUR RETRIEVE FILE PAYMENT
To Whom It May Concern
YOUR RETRIEVE FILE PAYMENT
We are sending this official letter to inform you that your Payment file valued at US$2.8 Million was successful recovered and through our investigations we find out that you has made some unnecessary Expenses which was not recognized because you go through with the fake office and our authorities was not aware.
However you were lucky to be in our list because we have other reporters but their file wasn't found therefore after the meeting held this morning with the Ministry of Finance we have concluded / terminate to release your fund through RBI Foreign Remittance Unit as agreed with the Board of Directors.
Therefore contact the Foreign Remittance Unit Reserve Bank of India RBI to handle your transaction accordingly:
Contact person: Mr. Allen Wilson
Foreign Remittance Unit
Contact Emails: (firstname.lastname@example.org)
NOTE: You are required to provide the following dataâs to them:
Name of Account Holder
Name of Your Bank
Address of Your Bank
Your Account Number
Your direct contact phone number
Your Personal details
Kindly acknowledge the receipt of this email and contact the bank immediately.
SIR. Mukesh Sunil