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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 25 Feb 2015 13:20:38 GMT
Subject: Proposal

Hello! Dear partner,

Good Day to you, I hope this message finds you in a good health condition. I
have an urgent business proposal and I hope we can work together to achieve
this goal. If you don't want to work with me, please kindly forget it and I
will not contact you again. I have packaged a financial transaction
involving the transfer of Four million seven hundred fifty thousand POUNDS
(£4,750.000.00). This transaction will benefit both of us - I offer you 35%
while you will keep 65% for me till I join you. It is 100% risk free and
legal. Please, do get back to me asap and I will forward the full details of
this befitting transaction to you.
Thanks for your understanding and cooperation.
George Culmer.

Anti-fraud resources: