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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DR. RICHARD FOX" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 28 Mar 2015 21:20:00 -0000
Subject: My name is Dr. Richard Fox,

My name is Dr. Richard Fox, I am working with the Dana Petroleum Plc, with my colleague.
We are looking for a prospective business partner in your country, with good investment project plans (E.g Real Estate, Construction, Engineering, Energy, Trading or any other lucrative business ventures).
This has relatively made us very busy as we are supervising the oil field contracts, and also supervising some of the oil exploration contracts at the North Sea. In the events of these, we got involved in a crude oil supply deal which promised huge returns, and you are invited to partnership with us in an investment of mutual interest worth of $175Million US Dollars.
We need to know if you will be able to handle a business transaction involving such huge amount of funds, after which we will go into details to explain the simple details of realizing the objectives without delay.
We await for your immediate response as soon as you confirm this mail.
this email has been checked for viruses by Avast antivirus software.

Anti-fraud resources: