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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. David Nicodemus" <>
Date: Tue, 31 Mar 2015 23:58:57 +0000
Subject: Confidential Message. Reply ASAP

From: Barrister David Nicodemus
Fountain Legal Attorney
Address: 304 Brooks Street, Menlo Park,
0102 Docex 82, Pretoria
Republic Of South Africa.
Tel# : +27875502774


Good Day,

With due respect and humility I offer my friendship, and my greetings to you. I have been trying to reach you regarding a deceased client with the same last name as yours, and want to apologize for any inconveniences. My name is David Nicodemus, a Private Lawyer based here in Johannesburg South Africa.

Honestly it will be my humble pleasure if we can work together to transfer some funds into your bank account. Please do accept my apology if my mail infringes on your personal ethics.

I would like you to act as the next of kin to my deceased client a citizen from your country who made a deposit of $23.5 million only with a Bank here in Johannesburg few years back before been transferred to an Offshore Account.

He died in a plane crash with his immediate family in a plane crash without any registered next of kin and as such the funds now have an open beneficiary mandate with a Bank, This means that any person from your country can act as the next of kin of the deceased person for claiming the inheritance funds without any risk involved.

Moreso, I have received official letter from the bank suggesting a likely proceeding for confiscation of the Fund in line with existing laws by the bank in which my client deposited the sum of $23.5 Million Dollars . According to the Government Law as provided in section 129 sub 63 (N), South African Banking Edit of 1961 at the expiration of 12 years the fund will revert to the ownership of the South African Government, if nobody applies to claim the fund.

My proposition to you is to present you to the bank as the Next of kin and beneficiary of my deceased client so that the bank will pay this $23.5 million to you so that we can share the amount on a mutually agreed percentage of 55% for me 45% for you.

All legal documents to back up your claim as the deceased Next of Kin will be provided by me. All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us see this transaction through. I guarantee you that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.

If you are interested in this transactions, Please do provide me with below details immediately so that I can call you to give you comprehensive details on how to proceed. .

1. Your Full Names
2. Contact Address:
3. Direct Cell phone number:
4. Age:
5. Sex:
6. Occupation:
7. Present Country:
8. Alternative email address:


Barr. David Nicodemus
Fountain Legal Attorney
Direct Telephone: +27875502774

Anti-fraud resources: