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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miss Catherine Koffi <>
Reply-To: Miss Catherine Koffi <>
Date: Wed, 1 Apr 2015 17:48:20 +0900 (JST)
Subject: I am Catherine Koffi the only daughter of Mr & Mrs William Koffi, It is sad to say that he passed away mysteriously of my Father in France during one of his business trips abroad, But God knows the truth. My mother died when I was just 6 years old,and since then my father took me so special.Before his death, he told me he has the sum of Seven Million Dollars(USD$7.700,000) left in a security company inside two metalic box. Note that the security company where my late Father made the deposit does not know t

Anti-fraud resources: