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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Fred Ikemba" <>
Date: Wed, 15 Apr 2015 22:46:31 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Contact Western Union Agent

I have deposited the check with western Union for them to transfer it to you
from there office.Send your receiving information to them as below,full name,
country,city,occupation,phone number,contact person is Mr.James Ibe,E-Mail: , Tel +229 995 202 86, Send your address for them to
reconfirm and start your transfer My agreement with them is 5,000 USD two times
daily until the whole amount of 2.5M USD is transferred call him if you have
any question for his phone number: +229 99520286 Thank you ,Mr.Fred Ikemba

Anti-fraud resources: