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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Mark" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 Apr 2015 09:32:15 +0100

Hello My Good Friend
.I have left a certified ATM CARD for you, visa card worth of
$12.500,000.00 cashable anywhere in the world. Contact my Account
Officer MR Mark Simoes to deliver your card, by sending this below to
his email address at ( try to call him on
(+234)8092951709 Send your contact information address details where
to be deliver your card.Thank you
Mr.Chiyere Ugo

Anti-fraud resources: