fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Aba Justice" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 08 Jun 2015 20:52:33 +0000
Subject: Claim your 3.5 Million United States Dollars,
You have been issued a payment notice of total sum ( $ 3,500,000.00 ) Three
Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars only from the World
Bank in conjunction with Federal Government of Nigeria. We have been
instructed to release your Inheritance and winning funds to you without any
We have arranged Your payment through our payment center in Europe,America
and Asia Pacific,including here in African which the instruction given by
the Director of International payment monetary unit.
We shall be expecting to receive your information and you are advise to
stop further communication with anybody from now to enable us release your
funds to you without any hitch.to claim your inheritance payment send the
following information immediately to this E-mail
address(Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â firstname.lastname@example.org
Your Full name:
Your mobile number:
A copy of your verifiable ID for verification
Your Banking information
Thanks for your co-operation.
Your urgent response is highly required and you should call us immediately.
Congratulations in advance
Director of International Investigation
Address: 108 GARIK ROAD,Abuja Nigeria.
Tel fax +234-8020812790