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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Paul Rivers <>
Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2015 18:56:55 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Contact for mtcn

I have deposited the check with western Union Transfer Payment Center. For them
to reconfirm, my agreement with them is 5,000 USD two time daily until the
whole of 1.5MUSD is transferred to you complete. You will pay fee for Paper
work and remittance, Fill in the required blanket below with your current
information to avoid wrong transfer.

You’re Name
Phone contact
Home address

Contact person is Dr.Larry Ife,
Phone number: +229 624 22 955
E-mail ( )
Thank you Mr. Paul Rivers

Anti-fraud resources: